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A Practical Strategies Guide
Metacognition & Self-Regulated Learning

Evidence-based Teaching Practices have been proven to enhance students' cognitive and metacognitive skills during problem-solving and engaging in learning tasks. Effective metacognitive strategies get learners to think about their own learning more explicitly by focusing not only on teaching students how to approach and solve problems but also on making them aware of their thought processes and enabling them to regulate their thinking effectively.


Metacognition and self-regulation approach to teaching encourages, supports, and promotes thinking about our learning more explicitly through specific strategies for planning, monitoring, and evaluating one's learning.


Metacognition is essential for effective, self-regulated learning. Learner variability makes every student unique in terms of their needs, strengths, and weaknesses; hence, their metacognitive development level also varies. When students lack metacognitive abilities, it restricts their capacity to learn autonomously and manage their own learning processes effectively. To enhance learning outcomes, educators should strive to foster and build students' capacity for metacognitive and self-regulated learning specific to academic tasks.

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